Reintroduction of the vinaceous-breasted parrot
(
Amazon vinacea )

With a purple chest and a red spot on the head, the Purple-breasted Parrots ( Amazona vinacea ) are symbols of the Araucaria Forest, vegetation of the Atlantic Forest Biome and associated with the distribution of this species. Classified as "Endangered" by the IUCN, its reproduction occurs between August and October, right after the end of the season with temperatures close to 0ºC and the pinhão, seed of the araucaria and food for many species in winter. Although it is a well-known species, especially by animal traffickers, its biology is still poorly studied.

Located between the municipalities of Passos Maia and Ponte Serrada in Santa Catarina, the Araucaria National Park (PNA) is one of the last preserved areas of the Araucaria Forest. Although it shelters several species of animals, the deforestation process added to the intense illegal removal of animals from nature, led the purple-breasted parrot to extinction in the region around the 1980.

In order to reverse this situation, the Espaço Silvestre Institute started, in 2010, the project for the Reintroduction of the Purple-breasted Parrot into the Araucaria National Park, which aims to rehabilitate parrots from illegal trafficking in wild animals, from voluntary delivery, carried out by the population and those rescued and born in legal institutions. Therefore, the first step of the rehabilitation process is to carry out a rigid battery of clinical exams. Healthy parrots undergo rigorous behavioral training that aims to prepare them for the challenges of life in the wild. For this, our team is always studying and producing new scientific works on the subject, diversifying approaches and possibilities.

After successful completion of all rehabilitation stages, the animals are ready for release and are identified by radio-collars, microchips and rings provided by the National Research Center for the Conservation of Wild Birds. Finally, they are transported to an adaptation nursery within the Araucárias National Park where they remain for a period of acclimatization in the place until the day of release. From that moment, the nursery is open every day during the day and closed at night until no one remains in the place and feels safe for life in nature. From that moment on, they are monitored in the region both by our team and by citizen scientists.

​ So far, 225 parrots have met the sanitary, behavioral and genetic criteria, and won their freedom! 13 red-breasted parrots were released in January 2011, 30 in September 2012, 33 in June 2015, 7 in March 2016, 30 in June 2017, 40 in October 2018, 33 in March 2019 , 37 in August 2021 and 02 in November 2021.

Credito Vanessa Kanaan casal papagaios campo monitoramento ave.JPG

MISSION AND OBJECTIVES:

(1) Reintroduce the Purple-breasted Parrot ( Amazona vinacea ) to the Araucaria National Park , SC, providing the necessary support for the establishment of a viable population in the long term;

 

(2) Educate people about the Purple-breasted Parrot and its habitat;

 

(3) Generate opportunities and  promote sustainable socioeconomic development for the communities that live in the surroundings of the Araucárias National Park, SC;

 

(4) Generate scientific knowledge about the Purple-breasted Parrot and wild animal reintroduction programs into the wild.

OUR OBJECTIVES

OUR "ROXINHOS"

With a purple chest and a red spot on the head, the Purple-breasted Parrots ( Amazona vinacea) are symbols of the Araucaria Forest, vegetation of the Atlantic Forest Biome and very associated with the distribution of this species. Classified as "Endangered" by the IUCN, its reproduction occurs between August and October, right after the end of the season with temperatures close to 0ºC and the pinhão, seed of the araucaria and food for many species in winter.

Although it is a well-known species, especially by animal traffickers, its biology was still little studied until the beginning of the works of the Espaço Silvestre Institute. Affectionately nicknamed ROXINHOS , they come to our care in different ways, such as through traffic arrests and voluntary delivery by. Therefore, before starting all training for release, it is necessary to carry out a rigid battery of clinical examinations, adaptation to a natural diet and confirmation of the animals' possibility of flight.

Parrots that obtain satisfactory results in these criteria are referred to a rigorous behavioral training that has as main objectives the identification — and escape — of predators and that they are able to distinguish feeding and roosting environments, a characteristic common of these animals in nature. For this, our team is always studying and producing new scientific works on the subject, diversifying approaches and possibilities.

After successfully completing all the rehabilitation stages, the animals are ready for release and are identified by radio-collars, microchips and rings provided by the National Research Center for the Conservation of Wild Birds. Finally, they are transported to an adaptation nursery within the Araucárias National Park and remain for a period of acclimatization in the place, the nursery being opened every day during the day and closed at night, until none remain in the place and feel safe for life in nature.

OUR ACTIVITIES

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Studying population genetics is important for the conservation of species and the environment in which they live. This is because nature is constantly changing and, in order to adapt to these changes, a species and/or a population needs to have genetic variability (individuals need to be genetically different).

Educating and informing people is a fundamental part of protecting the purple ones. As part of the reintroduction project, environmental education actions have been generating excellent results on the way people look at nature.

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10.Amigas dos Roxinhos credito Vanessa K

Started in 2017, the project to generate work and income for the local community encourages economic development, social inclusion and conservation of endangered species, such as the purple-breasted parrot.

 

Our work depends a lot on people engaged in the cause of the purple ones. Click here  to find out how you can help and also all the prerequisites to volunteer for the project

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Pássaro voando
BE PART OF OUR CAUSE